Origami Frontend Components & Services

Create A New Origami Component - Part 6 Storybook

The “Create A New Origami Component” tutorial is split into nine parts and is intended to be followed sequentially from start to finish:

  1. Intro & Boilerplate
  2. Base Styles
  3. Themes & Brands
  4. Demos
  5. JavaScript
  6. Storybook
  7. Testing
  8. Documentation
  9. Component Lifecycle

In part six we will rewrite demo.mustache into tsx template, we will use our component’s javascript code to initialise interactivity for storybook demos and implement all the variants of our component.

Storybook

We are aiming to replace the Origami Registry that is currently used to view demos and documentation for Origami components with a new Storybook interface. The reasoning behind choosing Storybook is that it is a well known and widely used tool for documenting and making highly interactive UI demos. Storybook demos are written in JSX and can be written in JavaScript or TypeScript. JSX is a syntax extension to JavaScript that allows you to write HTML-like code in JavaScript. It is a very powerful tool that allows you to write highly interactive demos and documentation for your component. It is also a very popular tool that is mostly used by React (the most popular javascript framework) developers.

Our TSX (JSX + typeScript) templates don’t use React specific imports in them and we are leveraging JSX transform which enables us to use JSX without importing React and therefore making it somewhat framework agnostic.

To run storybook locally run npm run storybook from your root directory. This will start a localhost server automatically.

A list of storybook components. There should be o-example displayed in the side navigation bar.

Styles

Once the storybook dev server is running we notice that some styles are already applied to our component. This is coming from o-example/stories/example.scss file which is imported by example.stories.tsx. example.stories.tsx is where we define our demos and its variants, controls and anything related to storybook demos.

Brands

When we were working on implementing brand variants for our component we noticed that our build server generated different html files for us and we could swap between them. In storybook we will need to restart our dev server and provide an environment variable. To start internal component demos in storybook you will need to run ORIGAMI_STORYBOOK_BRAND=internal npm run storybook and similarly for whitelababel you can run ORIGAMI_STORYBOOK_BRAND=whitelabel npm run storybook.

TSX template

npm run create-component generated a TSX (JSX + typeScript) boilerplate template as well.

The code in example.tsx will be very similar to what we have in demo.mustache but with different syntax:

// src/tsx/example.tsx

type ExampleProps = {
	theme: string
}

export function Example({theme}: {theme: ExampleProps}) {
	const classNames = theme ? `o-example o-example--${theme}` : 'o-example'
	return (
		<div id="element" className={classNames} data-o-component="o-example">
			Hello world, I am a component named o-example!
			<span className="o-example__counter">
				You have clicked this lovely button <span data-o-example-current-count>0</span> times.
				<button className="o-example__button">count</button>
			</span>
		</div>
	)
}

But let’s break this down a bit and compare it to the demo.mustache file.

  1. First thing we notice is ExampleProps type declaration for our component props. This type declaration is used to make sure that our component is given an object argument with a theme property of type string.
  2. Second thing we notice is that we are using the JSX syntax to write our component and return it from the Example function.
  3. Syntax for JSX and Mustache are slightly different. In JSX we use className instead of class and we are passing theme prop to our JSX using literal string (${theme}) syntax.
Example demo in storybook.

Adding button

Our demo is missing the count button and it’s related sentence. When we discussed browser support we decided to display count functionality if JS was enabled. In this case we have written a TSX template but never initialised components javascript. To do so we will need to update our example.stories.tsx file by adding the following code:

// stories/example.stories.tsx

+ import {useEffect} from 'react';
+ import javascript from '../main';
// ....

- const ExampleStory = args => <Example {...args} />;
+ const ExampleStory = args => {
+	 useEffect(() => {
+		javascript.init()
+	 })
+	 return <Example {...args} />
+ };
// ....

First of all we will need to import useEffect hook from React. Component TSX templates aim to make no framework assumption, so Origami users can benefit from templates in production whilst using other frameworks such as React. Our Storybook demos on the other hand are private and are not included in other projects, these are written specifically in React. Initialising component javascript with useEffect should display the count button and number of times it was clicked.

Example demo in storybook that also has counter functionality working.

Theming

We already discussed how to run different brands in storybook but we still need to cover the theming part. This is the area where storybook really starts to shine. We provided theme as a prop for our JSX component and it would be amazing if we had a drop down where we could select a theme and immediately see how certain themes effect our component.

The code below dynamically creates labels and options for correct brand. We use Storybook controls to make theming easier, have better demos where experimenting is easier and developers can integrate correct version of component into their code. The code below dynamically creates labels and options for the current brand. We use Storybook controls to have better demos where experimenting with component options and content is easier, allowing developers and designers to integrate Origami in their project.

// stories/example.stories.tsx

// ....
export const DefaultExample: ComponentStory<typeof Example> = ExampleStory.bind(
 	{}
);

+ const themeOptions: string[] = ['', 'inverse']
+ const controlLabels: Record<string, string> = {
+ 	'': 'Default',
+ 	inverse: 'Inverse',
+ }
+
+ const Brand = process.env.ORIGAMI_STORYBOOK_BRAND || 'core';
+
+ if (Brand === 'core') {
+ 	themeOptions.push('b2c')
+ 	controlLabels.b2c = 'B2C'
+ }
+ DefaultExample.argTypes = {
+ 	theme: {
+ 		name: 'Theme',
+ 		options: themeOptions,
+ 		control: {
+ 			type: 'select',
+ 			labels: controlLabels
+ 		}
+ 	}
+ }

Implementing the above code should give us an option to choose between themes and apply them immediately once selected.

Example demo in storybook with default theme.
Example demo in storybook that has inverse theme applied on it.
Example demo in storybook that has the b2c theme applied on it.

Part six: Storybook

In part six we learnt how to make a storybook demo for o-example component, covering:

In part seven we’ll look at writing tests for our component. Continue to part seven.